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  • southern white rhinoceros
    southern white rhinoceros
    southern white rhinoceros

    southern white rhinoceros

    Ceratotherium simum simum

    The white rhino was almost wiped out at the beginning of the 20th century. Strict conservation measures have led to the recovery of the southern white rhino subspecies. The northern white rhino has been considered extinct in the wild since 2008. In March 2018, the last male northern white rhino "Sudan" died in the Ol Pejeta reserve.
    In addition to frequent droughts, poaching is the biggest threat to the rhinos; Hunted for their horn, which is made of keratin, like our fingernails, toenails or hair. In Chinese medicine, the horn is considered an impotence treatment, which is why it is traded expensively on the black market and further spurs poaching.

    Related to Odd-toed ungulates, rhinoceroses (5 species)
    Habitat Grassland, savanna with open bush and tree vegetation
    Social structure F: mother family troops with offspring, M: have territories, solitary or in bachelor troops.
    Diet Short grasses
    Weight F: 1'400 - 2'000 kg, M: 2'000 - 2'300 kg
    Shoulder height 170 - 185 cm
    Mating season All year round
    Gestation time Approx. 480 days
    Litter size 1 young
    Age of sexual maturity At the age of 3.5 to 5 years
    Life expectancy Up to 30 years
    Utilization Horn as a healing and impotence treatment, especially in the Asian region (poaching)
    Population trend Approx. 20'000 animals
    At Zurich Zoo since 2019

    Distribution

    Verbreitungskarte Südliches Breitmaulnashorn

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    Babies

    IUCN RedList